4

Key figures

Fost Plus results for 2020

Quantities reported (in tonnes) Recycling (in tonnes) - old calculation method (1) Recycling (as %) - old calculation method (1) Recycling (in tonnes) - new calculation method (2) Recycling (as %) - new calculation method (2) Other recovery (in tonnes) Total recovery (in tonnes) - old calculation method (1) Total recovery (as %) - old calculation method (1) Total recovery (in tonnes) - new calculation method (2) Total recovery (as %) - new calculation method (2)
Paper/cardboard (excl. drink cartons portion) 189,238 189,238
(193,850)
100.0 %
(102.4 %)
189,238
(190,699)
100.0 %
(100.8 %)
0 189,238
(193,850)
100.0 %
(102.4 %)
189,238
(190,699)
100.0 %
(100.8 %)
Paper/cardboard (incl. drink cartons portion) 201,893 201,893
(206,624)
100.0 %
(102.3 %)
200,536 99.3 % 480 201,893
(207,104)
100.0 %
(102.6 %)
201,016 99.6 %
Glass 306,442 306,442
(353,165)
100.0 %
(115.2 %)
306,442
(345,889)
100.0 %
(112.9 %)
0 306,442
(353,165)
100.0 %
(115.2 %)
306,442
(345,889)
100.0 %
(112.9 %)
Plastic (excl. drink cartons portion) 212,120 109,637 51.7 % 97,706 46.1 % 26,323 135,960 64.1 % 124,029 58.5 %
Plastic (incl. drink cartons portion) 216,338 109,637 50.7 % 97,706 45.2 % 29,762 136,120 62.9 % 127,468 58.9 %
Metals: ferrous metals 46,916 46,916
(48,688)
100.0 %
(103.8 %)
46,916
(48,654)
100.0 %
(103.7 %)
356 46,916
(49,044)
100.0 %
(104.5 %)
46,916
(49,010)
100.0 %
(104.5 %)
Metals: aluminium 27,295 25,457 93.3 % 25,311 92.7 % 676 26,133 95.7 % 25,987 95.2 %
Drink cartons 16,873 16,873
(17,032)
100.0 %
(100.9 %)
9,837 58.3 % 640 16,873
(17,672)
100.0 %
(104.7 %)
10,477 62.1 %
Other 3,565 90 2.5 % 72 2.0 % 0 90 2.5 % 72 2.0 %
Total 802,449 747,920 93.2 % 718,168 89.5 % 27,995 775,915 96.7 % 749,443 93.4 %

The targets are 80% for recycling, and 90% for total recovery.

(1) The old calculation method does not include corrections for free-riders, parallel imports (minus parallel exports), product residues, increase in moisture content (compared with materials placed on the market) or sorting losses at recyclers. The quantities delivered to recyclers are determined at the sorting plant exit. Drink cartons are considered a separate material. Metals are sorted into ferrous metals and aluminium. In accordance with the new calculation method, metals recovered from incinerator scrap are limited to the estimated quantities of metal packaging waste in the streams destined for incineration, to which the average extraction rates of the ferrous metal (0.85) and aluminium (0.80) processing plants are then applied. Where necessary, all figures are capped at 100%.

(2) The new calculation method relates to the results obtained by the accredited compliance organisation under the take-back obligation set out in the Cooperation Agreement and does not include corrections for free-riders or parallel imports (minus parallel exports). These corrections will be made when calculating the Belgian figures to be reported to Eurostat. The new calculation method does include corrections for product residues, increase in moisture content (compared with materials placed on the market) and sorting losses at recyclers. The quantities recycled by recyclers are calculated at the start of the recycling process. Drink cartons are still considered a separate material but – for Eurostat reporting purposes – will be added to the paper/cardboard streams as regards the paper/cardboard portion, and to the plastic stream as regards the plastic/aluminium portion; only recycled quantities are included in the recycling figures. Metals are sorted into ferrous metals and aluminium. In accordance with the new calculation method, metals recovered from incinerator scrap are limited to the estimated quantities of metal packaging waste in the streams destined for incineration, to which the average extraction rates of the ferrous metal (0.85) and aluminium (0.80) processing plants are then applied. Where necessary, all figures are capped at 100%.

Valipac results for 2020

Quantities reported (in tonnes) Recycling (in tonnes) - old calculation method (1) Recycling (as %) - old calculation method (1) Recycling (in tonnes) - new calculation method (2) Recycling (as %) - new calculation method (2) Other recovery (in tonnes) Total recovery (in tonnes) - old calculation method (1) Total recovery (as %) - old calculation method (1) Total recovery (in tonnes) - new calculation method (2) Total recovery (as %) - new calculation method (2)
Plastic 96,332 56,886 59.1 % 56,455 58.6 % 36,275 93,161 96.7 % 92,730 96.3 %
Paper/cardboard 431,906 431,906
(455,585)
100.0 %
(105.5 %)
431,906
(442,380)
100.0 % 24,093 431,906
(479,678)
100 %
(111.1 %)
431,906 100 %
Metals 34,363 28,252 82.2 % 28,252 82.2 % - 28,252 82.4 % 28,252 82.2 %
Wood 172,554 160,713 93.1 % 157,492 91.3 % 65,815 172,554
(212,195)
100 %
(123 %)
172,554 100 %
Other 7,505 698 9.3 % 698 9.3 % 257 954 12.7 % 954 12.7 %
Total 742,661 678,455
(702,134)
91.4 %
(94.5 %)
674,803
(685,277)
90.9 % 126,440 726,827
(814,240)
97.9 %
(109.9 %)
726,396 97.8 %

The targets are 80% for recycling, and 85% for total recovery.

(1) The old calculation method does not include corrections for free-riders, but it does make partial corrections for product residues, increase in moisture content (compared with materials placed on the market) and sorting losses at recyclers. The quantities recycled by recyclers are calculated at the start of the recycling process, based on the various reports by and checks on waste collection services, sorting plants, traders and recyclers. In accordance with the new calculation method, ferrous metals recovered from incinerator scrap are limited to the estimated quantities of metal packaging waste in the streams destined for incineration, to which the average extraction rate of the ferrous metal processing plants (0.85) is then applied. Where necessary, all figures are capped at 100%.

(2) The new calculation method relates to the results obtained by the accredited compliance organisation under the take-back obligation set out in the Cooperation Agreement and does not include corrections for free-riders. These corrections will be made when calculating the Belgian figures to be reported to Eurostat. The new calculation method does include full corrections for product residues, increase in moisture content (compared with materials placed on the market) and sorting losses at recyclers. The quantities recycled by recyclers are calculated at the start of the recycling process, based on the various reports by and checks on waste collection services, sorting plants, traders and recyclers. In accordance with the new calculation method, ferrous metals recovered from incinerator scrap are limited to the estimated quantities of metal packaging waste in the streams destined for incineration, to which the average extraction rate of the ferrous metal processing plants (0.85) is then applied. Where necessary, all figures are capped at 100%.

The results of the individual responsible companies in 2020

A total of 88 companies stated that they had fulfilled the take-back obligation themselves in the 2020 reporting year.

Recycling % Quantity of one-way packaging placed on the Belgian market
(in tonnes)
Paper/cardboard 94.0 % 27,587
Plastic 89.6 % 2,453
Metal 99.7 % 519
Wood 98.7 % 10,145
Other 32.6 % 148
Total 82.9 % 40,855

The overall results for 2020 – Belgian recycling figures

Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2019/665 of 17 April 2019 drastically amended Decision 2005/270/EC, which establishes the common methodology for calculating the recycling targets of Directive 94/62/EC, as from the 2020 reporting year.

Due to the specific calculation method used for the European figures, the overall Belgian results cannot be compared with those of the accredited compliance organisations and the individual responsible companies. The figures that Belgium has to report to Eurostat (the European Commission) are not merely the sum of the one-way packaging placed on the market and recycled by the accredited compliance organisations and the individual responsible companies; they also take into account free-riders, parallel imports (imports by private individuals), etc. In addition, reusable packaging placed on the market for the first time or taken out of circulation is also included.

We applied the new European calculation method in its entirety. As a result, the overall Belgian results for 2020 cannot really be compared with those in previous years. The new methodology obliges EU Member States to make corrections to their recycling results, which was not the case under the old calculation method. These corrections relate, for example, to product residues still present in sorted waste or to an increase in the moisture content of paper/cardboard.

In order to be able to perform all these new calculations, the IRPC, starting in 2019 and working with the accredited compliance organisations, carried out a comprehensive study and set up an extensive analysis programme.

Belgium’s recycling results will decrease as a result of the corrections to be applied, but certainly not more than those of other EU Member States. In the specific case of Belgium, however, this decrease is almost entirely offset by the increase in selective collection and recycling. In 2019-2020, for example, the nationwide rollout of the new PMD bag resulted in 50% more household plastic packaging waste being collected.

As a result, the total tonnage of recycled packaging waste actually rose by 1.9 % in 2020 compared with 2019.

However, the recycling rates were lower than in 2019, as the estimated quantities of packaging waste placed on the market by free-riders and via parallel imports by private individuals had to be increased significantly, for both one-way and reusable packaging.

Percentage
Glass 96.85 %
Plastic (ordinary) 45.23 %
Plastic (drink cartons) 0.00 %
Total plastic 44.68 %
Paper/cardboard (ordinary) 89.67 %
Paper/cardboard (drink cartons) 72.29 %
Total papier/cardboard 89.35 %
Ferrous metals 98.39 %
Aluminium 88.65 %
Metals (total) 96.17 %
Wood 71.56 %
Other 5.74 %
Total 79.67 %

Collection of household packaging waste in 2021

4.5.1 Trend in the collection results per material, per Region and for Belgium as a whole

4.5.2 Trend in the collection cost per material, per Region and for Belgium as a whole

4.5.3 Per fraction, proportion of the result achieved by each collection method (2021)

Proportion of the result Glass Papier/ Cardboard PMD
Kerbside 11.9 % 80.8 % 94.2 %
Recycling centres 3.5 % 19.2 % 5.8 %
Bottle banks 84.7 %

4.5.4 Per fraction, proportion of the cost incurred by each collection method (2021)

Proportion of the cost Glass Papier/ Cardboard PMD
Kerbside 11.5 % 88.3 % 95.0 %
Recycling centres 2.7 % 11.7 % 5.0 %
Bottle banks 85.8 %

Reference costs for 2021

The IRPC determined the reference costs for 2021 as follows:

100% variable in €/tonne Bottle banks
& kerbside
Recycling centres Bottle banks & kerbside
+ Recycling centres
Glass 58.69 44.33
Papier/ Cardboard 93.46 50.65
PMD collection 264.87 207.30
P+MDcollection 205.43 142.36
PMD sorting 172.35
P+MD sorting 268.67

Reference costs for 2022

The IRPC determined the reference costs for 2022 as follows:

100% variable in €/tonne Bottle banks
& kerbside
Recycling centres Bottle banks & kerbside
+ Recycling centres
Glass 58.86 43.00 57.49
Paper / Cardboard 96.18 52.71 86.40
PMD collection 266.83 246.19 266.51
P+MD collection 216.26 146.64 213.20
PMD sorting 181.93
P+MD sorting 269.52

You can find a detailed overview of these reference costs and further information about the calculation method in the technical data sheet.

2021 reference values

Material
(selectively collected and sorted)
Average price
(€/tonne)
Paper/Cardboard 127.74
Glass 23.04
Steel 220.80
Aluminium 1,000.25
Drink cartons -52.48
HDPE 263.33
PET blue 436.89
PET clear 573.92
PET green 300.35